Thursday, January 17, 2013

Welding Symbols and Positions

.                                     Welding Symbols



The tail of the symbol is used for designating the welding and cutting processes as well as the welding specifications, procedures, or the supplementary information to be used in making the weld. If a welder knows the size and type of weld, he has only part of the information necessary for making the weld. The process, identification of filler metal that is to be used, whether or not peening or root chipping is required, and other pertinent data must be related to the welder. The notation to be placed in the tail of the symbol indicating these data is to be establish by each user. If notations are not used, the tail of the symbol may be omitted.

3-5. ELMENTS OF A WELDING SYMBOL


A distinction is made between the terms "weld symbol" and "welding symbol". The weld symbol (fig. 3-3) indicates the desired type of weld. The welding symbol (fig. 3-2) is a method of representing the weld symbol on drawings. The assembled "welding symbol" consists of the following eight elements, or any of these elements as necessary: reference line, arrow, basic weld symbols, dimensions and other data, supplementary symbols, finish symbols, tail, and specification, process, or other reference. The locations of welding symbol elements with respect to each other are shown in figure 3-2.


3-6. BASIC WELD SYMBOLS


a. General. Weld symbols are used to indicate the welding processes used in metal joining operations, whether the weld is localized or "all around", whether it is a shop or field weld, and the contour of welds. These basic weld symbols are summarized below and illustrated in figure 3-3.
b. Arc and Gas Weld Symbols. See figure 3-3.

c. Resistance Weld Symbols. See figure 3-3.

d. Brazing, Forge, Thermit, Induction, and Flow Weld Symbols.

(1) These welds are indicated by using a process or specification reference in the tail of the welding symbol as shown in figure 3-4.


(2) When the use of a definite process is required (fig. 3-5), the process may be indicated by one or more of the letter designations shown in tables 3-1 and 3-2.




NOTE



Letter designations have not been assigned to arc spot, resistance spot, arc seam, resistance seam, and projection welding since the weld symbols used are adequate.




(3) When no specification, process, or other symbol, the tail may be omitted (fig. 3-6). reference is used with a welding


e. Other Common Weld Symbols. Figures 3-7 and 3-8 illustrate the weld-all-around and field weld symbol, and resistance spot and resistance seam welds.



f. Supplementary Symbols. These symbols are used in many welding processes in congestion with welding symbols and are used as shown in figure 3-3.

3-7. LOCATION SIGNIFICANCE OF ARROW


a. Fillet, Groove, Flange, Flash, and Upset welding symbols. For these symbols, the arrow connects the welding symbol reference line to one side of the joint and this side shall be considered the arrow side of the joint (fig. 3-9). The side opposite the arrow side is considered the other side of the joint (fig. 3-10).



b. Plug, Slot, Arc Spot, Arc Seam, Resistance Spot, Resistance Seam, and Projection Welding Symbols. For these symbols, the arrow connects the welding symbol reference line to the outer surface of one member of the joint at the center line of the desired weld. The member to which the arrow points is considered the arrow side member. The other member of the joint shall be considered the other side member (fig. 3-11).


c. Near Side. When a joint is depicted by a single line on the drawing and the arrow of a welding symbol is directed to this line, the arrow side of the joint is considered as the near side of the joint, in accordance with the usual conventions of drafting (fig. 3-12 and 3-13).



d. Near Member. When a joint is depicted as an area parallel to the plane of projection in a drawing and the arrow of a welding symbol is directed to that area, the arrow side member of the joint is considered as the near member of the joint, in accordance with the usual conventions of drafting (fig. 3-11).

3-8. LOCATION OF THE WELD WITH RESPECT TO JOINT


a. Arrow Side. Welds on the arrow side of the joint are shown by placing the weld symbol on the side of the reference line toward the reader (fig. 3-14).


b. Other Side. Welds on the other side of the joint are shown by placing the weld symbol on the side of the reference line away from the reader (fig. 3-15).


c. Both Sides. Welds on both sides of the joint are shown by placing weld symbols on both sides of the reference line, toward and away from the reader (fig. 3-16).


d. No Side Significance. Resistance spot, resistance seam, flash, weld symbols have no arrow side or other side significance in themselves, although supplementary symbols used in conjunction with these symbols may have such significance. For example, the flush contour symbol (fig. 3-3) is used in conjunction with the spot and seam symbols (fig. 3-17) to show that the exposed surface of one member of the joint is to be flush. Resistance spot, resistance seam, flash, and upset weld symbols shall be centered on the reference line (fig. 3-17).


3-9. REFERENCES AND GENERAL NOTES


a. Symbols With References. When a specification, process, or other reference is used with a welding symbol, the reference is placed in the tail (fig. 3-4).

b. Symbols Without References. Symbols may be used without specification, process, or other references when:

(1) A note similar to the following appears on the drawing: "Unless otherwise designated, all welds are to be made in accordance with specification no...."
(2) The welding procedure to be used is described elsewhere, such as in shop instructions and process sheets.

c. General Notes. General notes similar to the following may be placed on a drawing to provide detailed information pertaining to the predominant welds. This information need not be repeated on the symbols:

(1) "Unless otherwise indicated, all fillet welds are 5/16 in. (0.80 cm) size."
(2) "Unless otherwise indicated, root openings for all groove welds are 3/16 in. (0.48 cm)."

d. Process Indication. When use of a definite process is required, the process may be indicated by the letter designations listed in tables 3-1 and 3-2 (fig. 3-5).

e. Symbol Without a Tail. When no specification, process, or other reference is used with a welding symbol, the tail may be omitted (fig. 3-6).

3-10. WELD-ALL-AROUND AND FIELD WELD SYMBOLS


a. Welds extending completely around a joint are indicated by mans of the weld-all-around symbol (fig. 3-7). Welds that are completely around a joint which includes more than one type of weld, indicated by a combination weld symbol, are also depicted by the weld-all-around symbol. Welds completely around a joint in which the metal intersections at the points of welding are in more than one plane are also indicated by the weld-all-around symbol.

b. Field welds are welds not made in a shop or at the place of initial construction and are indicated by means of the field weld symbol (fig. 3-7).

3-11. EXTENT OF WELDING DENOTED BY SYMBOLS


a. Abrupt Changes. Symbols apply between abrupt changes in the direction of the welding or to the extent of hatching of dimension lines, except when the weld-all-around symbol (fig. 3-3) is used.

b. Hidden Joints. Welding on hidden joints may be covered when the welding is the same as that of the visible joint. The drawing indicates the presence of hidden members. If the welding on the hidden joint is different from that of the visible joint, specific information for the welding of both must be given.

3-12. LOCATION OF WELD SYMBOLS


a. Weld symbols, except resistance spot and resistance seam, must be shown only on the welding symbol reference line and not on the lines of the drawing.

b. Resistance spot and resistance seam weld symbols may be placed directly at the locations of the desired welds (fig. 3-8).

3-13. USE OF INCH, DEGREE, AND POUND MARKS


NOTE

Inch marks are used for indicating the diameter of arc spot, resistance spot, and circular projection welds, and the width of arc seam and resistance seam welds when such welds are specified by decimal dimensions.

In general, inch, degree, and pound marks may or may not be used on welding symbols, as desired.

3-14. CONSTRUCTION OF SYMBOLS


a. Fillet, bevel and J-groove, flare bevel groove, and corner flange symbols shall be shown with the perpendicular leg always to the left (fig. 3-18).


b. In a bevel or J-groove weld symbol, the arrow shall point with a definite break toward the member which is to be chamfered (fig. 3-19). In cases where the member to be chamfered is obvious, the break in the arrow may be omitted.


c. Information on welding symbols shall be placed to read from left to right along the reference line in accordance with the usual conventions of drafting (fig. 3-20).


d. For joints having more than one weld, a symbol shall be shown for each weld (fig 3-21).


e. The letters CP in the tail of the arrow indicate a complete penetration weld regardless of the type of weld or joint preparation (fig. 3-22).


f. When the basic weld symbols are inadequate to indicate the desired weld, the weld shall be shown by a cross section, detail, or other data with a reference on the welding symbol according to location specifications given in para 3-7 (fig. 3-23).


g. Two or more reference lines may be used to indicate a sequence of operations. The first operation must be shown on the reference line nearest the arrow. Subsequent operations must be shown sequentially on other reference lines (fig. 3-24). Additional reference lines may also be used to show data supplementary to welding symbol information included on the reference line nearest the arrow. Test information may be shown on a second or third line away from the arrow (fig. 3-25). When required, the weld-all-around symbol must be placed at the junction of the arrow line and reference line for each operation to which it applies (fig. 3-26). The field weld symbol may also be used in this manner.




3-15. FILLET WELDS


Dimensions of fillet welds must be shown on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol (A, fig. 3-27).


b. When fillet welds are indicated on both sides of a joint and no general note governing the dimensions of the welds appears on the drawing, the dimensions are indicated as follows:

(1) When both welds have the same dimensions, one or both may be dimensioned (B or C, fig. 3-27).
(2) When the welds differ in dimensions, both must be dimensioned (D, fig. 3-27).

c. When fillet welds are indicated on both sides of a joint and a general note governing the dimensions of the welds appears on the drawing, neither weld need be dimensioned. However, if the dimensions of one or both welds differ from the dimensions given in the general note, both welds must be dimensioned (C or D, fig. 3-27).

3-16. SIZE OF FILLET WELDS


a. The size of a fillet weld must of a fillet weld be shown to the left of the weld symbol (A, fig. 3-27).

b. The size the fillet weld with unequal legs must be shown in parentheses to left of the weld symbol. Weld orientation is not shown by the symbol and must be shown on the drawing when necessary (E, fig. 3-27).

c. Unless otherwise indicated, the deposited fillet weld size must not be less than the size shown on the drawing.

d. When penetration for a given root opening is specified, the inspection method for determining penetration depth must be included in the applicable specification.

3-17. LENGTH OF FILLET WELDS


a. The length of a fillet weld, when indicated on the welding symbol, must be shown to the right of the weld symbol (A through D, fig. 3-27).

b. When fillet welding extends for the full distance between abrupt changes in the direction of the welding, no length dimension need be shown on the welding symbol.

c. Specific lengths of fillet welding may be indicated by symbols in conjunction with dimension lines (fig. 3-28).


3-18. EXTENT OF FILLET WELDING


a. Use one type of hatching (with or without definite lines) to show the extent of fillet welding graphically.

b. Fillet welding extending beyond abrupt changes in the direction of the welding must be indicated by additional arrows pointing to each section of the joint to be welded (fig. 3-29) except when the weld-all-around symbol is used.


3-19. DIMENSIONING OF INTERMITTENT FILLET WELDING


a. The pitch (center-to-center spacing) of intermittent fillet welding shall be shown as the distance between centers of increments on one side of the joint.

b. The pitch of intermittent fillet welding shall be shown to the right of the length dimension (A, fig 3-27).

c. Dimensions of chain intermittent fillet welding must be shown on both sides of the reference line. Chain intermittent fillet welds shall be opposite each other (fig. 3-30).


d. Dimensions of staggered intermittent fillet welding must be shown on both sides of the reference line as shown in figure 3-31.


Unless otherwise specified, staggered intermittent fillet welds on both sides shall be symmetrically spaced as in figure 3-32.


3-20. TERMINATION OF INTERMITTENT FILLET WELDING


a. When intermittent fillet welding is used by itself, the symbol indicates that increments are located at the ends of the dimensioned length.

b. When intermittent fillet welding is used between continuous fillet welding, the symbol indicates that spaces equal to the pitch minus the length of one increment shall be left at the ends of the dimensioned length.

c. Separate symbols must be used for intermittent and continuous fillet welding when the two are combined along one side of the joint (fig. 3-28).

3-21. SURFACE CONTOUR OF FILLET WELDS


a. Fillet welds that are to be welded approximately flat, convex, or concave faced without recourse to any method of finishing must be shown by adding the flush, convex, or concave contour symbol to the weld symbol, in accordance with the location specifications given in paragraph 3-7 (A, fig. 3-33).


b. Fillet welds that are to be made flat faced by mechanical means must be shown by adding both the flush contour symbol and the user's standard finish symbol to the weld symbol, in accordance with location specifications given in paragraph 3-7 (B, fig. 3-33).

c. Fillet welds that are to be mechanically finished to a convex contour shall be shown by adding both the convex contour symbol and the user's standard finish symbol to the weld symbol, in accordance with location specifications given in paragraph 3-7 (C, fig. 3-33).

d. Fillet welds that are to be mechanically finished to a concave contour must be shown by adding both the concave contour symbol and the user's standard finish symbol to the weld symbol in accordance with location specification given in paragraph 3-7.

e. In cases where the angle between fusion faces is such that the identification of the type of weld and the proper weld symbol is in question, the detail of the desired joint and weld configuration must be shown on the drawing.

NOTE

Finish symbols used here indicate the method of finishing (" c" = chiping, "G" = grinding, "H" = hammering, "M" = machining), not the degree of finish.

3-22. PLUG AND SLOT WELDING SYMBOLS


a. General. Neither the plug weld symbol nor the slot weld symbol may be used to designate fillet welds in holes.

b. Arrow Side and Other Side Indication of Plug and Slot Welds. Holes or slots in the arrow side member of a joint for plug or slot welding must be indicated by placing the weld symbol on the side of the reference line toward the reader (A, fig. 3-11). Holes or slots in the other side member of a joint shall be indicated by placing the weld symbol on the side of the reference line away from the reader (B, fig. 3-11).

c. Plug Weld Dimensions. Dimensions of plug welds must be shown on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol. The size of a weld must be shown to the left of the weld symbol. Included angle of countersink of plug welds must be the user's standard unless otherwise indicated. Included angle of countersink, when not the user's standard, must be shown either above or below the weld symbol (A and C, fig. 3-34). The pitch (center-to-center spacing) of plug welds shall be shown to the right of the weld symbol.


d. Depth of Filling of Plug and Slot Welds. Depth of filling of plug and slot welds shall be completed unless otherwise indicated. When the depth of filling is less than complete, the depth of filling shall be shown in inches inside the weld symbol (B, fig. 3-34).

e. Surface Contour of Plug Welds and Slot Welds. Plug welds that are to be welded approximately flush without recourse to any method of finishing must be shown by adding the finish contour symbol to the weld symbol (fig. 3-35). Plug welds that are to be welded flush by mechanical means must be shown by adding both the flush contour symbol and the user's standard finish symbol to the weld symbol (fig. 3-36).



f. Slot Weld Dimensions. Dimensions of slot welds must be shown on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol (fig. 3-37).


g. Details of Slot Welds. Length, width, spacing, included angle of countersink, orientation, and location of slot welds cannot be shown on the welding symbols. This data must be shown on the drawing or by a detail with a reference to it on the welding symbol, in accordance with location specifications given in paragraph 3-7 (D, fig. 3-33).

3-23. ARC SPOT AND ARC SEAM WELDS


a. General. The spot weld symbol, in accordance with its location in relation to the reference line, may or may not have arrow side or other side significance. Dimensions must be shown on the same side of the reference line as the symbol or on either side when the symbol is located astride the reference line and has no arrow side or other side significance. The process reference is indicated in the tail of the welding symbol. Then projection welding is to be used, the spot weld symbol shall be used with the projection welding process reference in the tail of the welding symbol. The spot weld symbol must be centered above or below the, reference line.

b. Size of Arc Spot and Arc Seam Welds.

(1) These welds may be dimensioned by either size or strength.
(2) The size of arc spot welds must be designated as the diameter of the weld. Arc seam weld size shall be designated as the width of the weld. Dimensions will be expressed in fractions or in decimals in hundredths of an inch and shall be shown, with or without inch marks, to the left of the weld symbol (A, fig. 3-38).


(3) The strength of arc spot welds must be designated as the minimum accept-able shear strength in pounds or newtons per spot. In arc seam welds, strength is designated in pounds per linear inch. Strength is shown to the left of the weld symbol (B, fig. 3-38).

c. Spacing of Arc Spot and Arc Seam Welds.

(1) The pitch (center-to-center spacing) of arc spot welds and, when indicated, the length of arc seam welds, must be shown to the right of the weld symbol (C, fig. 3-38).
(2) When spot welding or arc seam welding extends for the full distance between abrupt changes in the direction of welding, no length dimension need be shown on the welding symbol.

d. Extent and Number of Arc Spot Welds and Arc Seam Welds.

(1) When arc spot welding extends less than the distance between abrupt changes in the direction of welding or less than the full length of the joint, the extent must be dimensioned (fig. 3-39).


(2) When a definite number of arc spot welds is desired in a certain joint, the number must be shown in parentheses either above or below the weld symbol (fig. 3-40).


(3) A group of spot welds may be located on a drawing by intersecting center lines. The arrows point to at least one of the centerlines passing through each weld location.

e. Flush Arc Spot and Arc Seam Welded Joints. When the exposed surface of one member of an arc spot or arc seam welded joint is to be flush, that surface must be indicated by adding the flush contour symbol (fig. 3-41) in the same manner as that for fillet welds (para 3-21).


f. Details of Arc Seam Welds. Spacing, extent, orientation, and location of arc seam welds cannot be shown on the welding symbols. This data must be shown on the drawing.

3-24. GROOVE WELDS


a. General.

(1) Dimensions of groove welds must be shown on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol (fig. 3-42).


(2) When no general note governing the dimensions of double groove welds appears, dimensions shall be shown as follows:
(a) When both welds have the same dimensions, one or both may be dimensioned (fig. 3-43).


(b) When the welds differ in dimensions, both shall be dimensioned (fig. 3-44).


(3) When a general note governing the dimensions of groove welds appears, the dimensions of double groove welds shall be indicated as follows:
(a) If the dimensions of both welds are as indicated in the note, neither symbol need be dimensioned.
(b) When the dimensions of one or both welds differ from the dimensions given in the general note, both welds shall be dimensioned (fig. 3-44).

b. Size of Groove Welds.

(1) The size of groove welds shall be shown to the left of the weld symbol (fig. 3-44).
(2) Specifications for groove welds with no specified root penetration are shown as follows:
(a) The size of single groove and symmetrical double groove welds which extend completely through the member or members being joined need not be shown on the welding symbol (A and B, fig. 3-45).


(b) The size of groove welds which extend only partly through the member members being joined must be shown on the welding symbol (A and B, fig. 3-46).


(3) The groove welds, size of groove welds with specified root penetration, except square must be indicated by showing the depth of chamfering and the root penetration separated by a plus mark and placed to the left of the weld symbol. The depth of chamfering and the root penetration must read in that order from left to right along the reference line (A and B, fig. 3-47). The size of square groove welds must be indicated by showing only the root penetration.


(4) The size of flare groove welds is considered to extend only to the tangent points as indicated by dimension lines (fig. 3-48).


c. Groove Dimensions

(1) Root opening, groove angle, groove radii, and root faces of the U and J groove welds are the user's standard unless otherwise indicated.
(2) When the user's standard is not used, the weld symbols are as follows:
(a) Root opening is shown inside the weld symbol (fig. 3-49).


(b) Groove angle of groove welds is shown outside the weld symbol (fig. 3-42).
(c) Groove radii and root faces of U and J groove welds are shown by a cross section, detail, or other data, with a reference to it on the welding symbol, in accordance with location specifications given in paragraph 3-7 (fig. 3-22).

d. Back and Backing Welds. Bead-type back and backing welds of single-groove welds shall be shown by means of the back or backing weld symbol (fig. 3-50).


e. Surface Contour of Groove Welds. The contour symbols for groove welds (F, fig. 3-51) are indicated in the same manner as that for fillet welds (para 3-21).


(1) Groove welds that are to be welded approximately flush without recourse to any method of finishing shall be shown by adding the flush contour symbol to the weld symbol, in accordance with the location specifications given in paragraph 3-7 (fig. 3-52).


(2) Groove welds that are to be made flush by mechanical means shall be shown by adding the flush contour symbol and the user's standard finish symbol to the weld symbol, in accordance with the location specifications given in paragraph 3-7 (fig. 3-53).


(3) Groove welds that are to be mechanically finished to a convex contour shall be shown by adding both the convex contour symbol and the user's standard finish symbol to the weld symbol, in accordance with the location specifications given in para 3-7 (fig. 3-54).


3-25. BACK OR BACKING WELDS


a. General.

(1) The back or backing weld symbol (fig. 3-50) must be used to indicate bead-type back or backing welds of single-groove welds.
(2) Back or backing welds of single-groove welds must be shown by placing a back or backing weld symbol on the side of the reference line opposite the groove weld symbol (fig. 3-50).
(3) Dimensions of back or backing welds should not be shown on the welding symbol. If it is desired to specify these dimensions, they must be shown on the drawing.

b. Surface Contour of Back or Backing Welds. The contour symbols (fig. 3-55) for back or backing welds are indicated in the same manner as that for fillet welds (para 3-21).


3-26. MELT-THRU WELDS


a. General.

(1) The melt-thru symbol shall be used where at least 100 percent joint penetration of the weld through the material is required in welds made from one side only (fig. 3-56).


(2) Melt-thru welds shall be shown by placing the melt-thru weld symbol on the side of the reference line opposite the groove weld, flange, tee, or corner weld symbol (fig. 3-56).
(3) Dimensions of melt-thru welds should rot be shown on the welding symbol. If it is desired to specify these dimensions, they must be shown on the drawing.

b. Surface Contour of Melt-thru Welds. The contour symbols for melt-thru welds are indicated in the same manner as that for fillet welds (fig. 3-57).


3-27. SURFACING WELDS


a. General.

(1) The surfacing weld symbol shall be used to indicate surfaces built up by welding (fig. 3-58), whether built up by single-or multiple-pass surfacing welds.


(2) The surfacing weld symbol does not indicate the welding of a joint and thus has no arrow or other side significance. This symbol shall be drawn on the side of the reference line toward the reader and the arrow shall point clearly to the surface on which the weld is to be deposited.

b. Size of Built-up Surfaces. The size (height) of a surface built up by welding shall be indicated by showing the minimum height of the weld deposit to the left of the weld symbol. The dimensions shall always be on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol (fig. 3-58). When no specific height of weld deposit is desired, no size dimension need be shown on the welding symbol.

c. Extent, Location, and Orientation of Surfaces Built up by Welding. When the entire area of a plane or curved surface is to be built up by welding, no dimension, other than size, need be shown on the welding symbol. If only a portion of the area of a plane or curved surface is to be built up by welding, the extent, location, and orientation of the area to be built up shall be indicated on the drawing.

3-28. FLANGE WELDS


a. General.

(1) The following welding symbols are used for light gage metal joints involving the flaring or flanging of the edges to be joined (fig. 3-59). These symbols have no arrow or other side significance.


(2) Edge flange welds shall be shown by the edge flange weld symbol (A, fig. 3-59).
(3) Corner flange welds shall be shown by the corner flange weld symbol (B, fig. 3-59). In cases where the corner flange joint is not detailed, a break in the arrow is required to show which member is flanged (fig. 3-59).

b. Dimensions of Flange Welds.

(1) Dimensions of flange welds are shown on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol.
(2) The radius and the height above the point of tangency must be indicated by showing the radius and height, separated by a plus mark, and placed to the left of the weld symbol. The radius and height must read in that order from left to right along the reference line (C, fig. 3-59).
(3) The size (thickness) of flange welds must be shown by a dimension placed outward of the flange dimensions (C, fig. 3-59).
(4) Root opening of flange welds are not shown on the welding symbol. If specification of this dimension is desired, it must be shown on the drawing.

c. Multiple-Joint Flange Welds. For flange welds in which one or more pieces are inserted between the two outer pieces, the same symbol shall be used as for the two outer pieces, regardless of the number of pieces inserted.

3-29. RESISTANCE SPOT WELDS


a. General. Resistance spot weld symbols (fig. 3-3) have no arrow or other side significance in themselves, although supplementary symbols used in con-junction with them may have such significance. Resistance spot weld symbols shall be centered on the reference line. Dimensions may be shown on either side of the reference line.

b. Size of Resistance Spot Welds. Resistance spot welds are dimensioned by either size or strength as follows:

(1) The size of resistance spot welds is designated as the diameter of the weld expressed in fractions or in decimals in hundredths of an inch and must be shown, with or without inch marks, to the left of the weld symbol (fig. 3-60).


(2) The strength of resistance spot welds is designated as the minimum acceptable shear strength in pounds per spot and must be shown to the left of the weld symbol (fig. 3-61).


c. Spacing of Resistance Spot Welds.

(1) The pitch of resistance spot welds shall be shown to the right of the weld symbol (fig. 3-62).


(2) When the symbols are shown directly on the drawing, the spacing is shown by using dimension lines.
(3) When resistance spot welding extends less than the distance between abrupt changes in the direction of the welding or less than the full length of the joint, the extent must be dimensioned (fig. 3-63).


d. Number of Resistance Spot Welds. When a definite number of welds is desired in a certain joint, the number must be shown in parentheses either above or below the weld symbol (fig. 3-64).


e. Flush Resistance Spot Welding Joints. When the exposed surface of one member of a resistance spot welded joint is to be flush, that surface shall be indicated by adding the flush contour symbol (fig. 3-3) to the weld symbol, (fig. 3-65) in accordance with location specifications given in paragraph 3-7.


3-30. RESISTANCE SEAM WELDS


a. General.

(1) Resistance seam weld symbols have no arrow or other side significance in themselves, although supplementary symbols used in injunction with them may have such significance. Resistance seam weld symbols must be centered on the reference line.
(2) Dimensions of resistance seam welds may be shown on either side of the reference line.

b. Size of Resistance Seam Welds. Resistance seam welds must be dimensioned by either size or strength as follows:

(1) The size of resistance seam welds must be designated as the width of the weld expressed in fractions or in decimals in hundredths of an inch and shall be shown, with or without inch marks, to the left of the weld symbol (fig. 3-66).


(2) The strength of resistance seam welds must be designated as the minimum acceptable shear strength in pounds per linear inch and must be shown to the left of the weld symbol (fig. 3-67).


c. Length of Resistance Seam Welds.

(1) The length of a resistance seam weld, when indicated on the welding symbol, must be shown to the right of the welding symbol (fig. 3-68).


(2) When resistance seam welding extends for the full distance between abrupt changes in the direction of the welding, no length dimension need be shown on the welding symbol.
(3) When resistance seam welding extends less than the distance between abrupt changes in the direction of the welding or less than the full length of the joint, the extent must be dimensioned (fig. 3-69).


d. Pitch of Resistance Seam Welds. The pitch of intermittent resistance seam welding shall be designated as the distance between centers of the weld increments and must be shown to the right of the length dimension (fig. 3-70).


e. Termination of Intermittent Resistance Seam Welding. When intermittent resistance seam welding is used by itself, the symbol indicates that increments are located at the ends of the dimensioned length. When used between continuous resistance seam welding, the symbol indicates that spaces equal to the pitch minus the length of one increment are left at the ends of the dimensional length. Separate symbols must be used for intermittent and continuous resistance seam welding when the two are combined.

f. Flush Projection Welded Joints. When the exposed surface of one member of a projection welded joint is to be made flush, that surface shall be indicated by adding the flush contour symbol (fig. 3-3) to the weld symbol, observing the usual location significance (fig. 3-79).


3-31. PROJECTION WELDS


a. General.

(1) When using projection welding, the spot weld symbol must be used with the projection welding process reference in the tail of the welding symbol. The spot weld symbol must be centered on the reference line.
(2) Embossments on the arrow side member of a joint for projection welding shall be indicated by placing the weld symbol on the side of the reference line toward the reader (fig. 3-72).


(3) Embossment on the other side member of a joint for projection welding shall be indicated by placing the weld symbol on the -side of the reference line away from the reader (fig. 3-73).


(4) Proportions of projections must be shown by a detail or other suitable means.
(5) Dimensions of projection welds must be shown on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol.

b. Size of Projection Welds.

(1) Projection welds must be dimensioned by strength. Circular projection welds may be dimensioned by size.
(2) The size of circular projection welds shall be designated as the diameter of the weld expressed in fractions or in decimals in hundredths of an inch and shall be shown, with or without inch marks, to the left of the weld symbol (fig. 3-74).


(3) The strength of projection welds shall be designated as the minimum acceptable shear strength in pounds per weld and shall be shown to the left of the weld symbol (fig. 3-75).


c. Spacing of Projection Welds. The pitch of projection welds shall be shown to the right of the weld symbol (fig. 3-76).


d. Number of Projection Welds. When a definite number of projection welds is desired in a certain joint, the number shall be shown in parentheses (F, fig. 3-77).


e. Extent of Projection Welding. When the projection welding extends less than the distance between abrupt changes in the direction of the welding or less than the full length of the joint, the extent shall be dimensioned (fig. 3-78).


f. Flush Resistance Seam Welded Joints. When the exposed surface of one member of a resistance seam welded joint is to be flush, that surface shall be indicated by adding the flush contour symbol (fig. 3-3) to the weld symbol, observing the usual location significance (fig. 3-71).


3-32. FLASH OR UPSET WELDS


a. General. Flash or upset weld symbols have no arrow side or other side significance in themselves, although supplementary symbols used in conjunction with then may have such significance. The weld symbols for flash or upset welding must be centered on the reference line. Dimensions need not be shown on the welding symbol.

b. Surface Contour of Flash or Upset Welds. The contour symbols (fig. 3-3) for flash or upset welds (fig. 3-80) are indicated in the same manner as that for fillet welds (paragraph 3-21).

 

source:arcraftsplasma.com


  

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